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          幼兒園英語音標教學PPT課件

          幼兒園英語音標教學PPT課件

          幼兒園英語音標教學PPT課件這個PPT共75頁,該文件包含了PPT課件。主要包含音素和國際音標,元音和輔音的定義,讀單詞等,歡迎點擊下載。

          Holly Joe
          元音和輔音的定義:
          發音時聲帶振動,呼出的氣流通過口腔時不受阻礙,這樣形成的語音稱為元音。
          不論聲帶振動與否,發音時呼出的氣流通過口腔或鼻腔時受到一定的阻礙,這樣形成的語音稱為輔音。
          發音時聲帶不振動的輔音稱為清輔音。
          發音聲帶振動的輔音稱為濁輔音。
          國際音標
           {
          Vowels(元音)          -pure vowels(單元音)
          /i:/
          例詞:
                 he             sea             tree             field
          短語:
                            green leaves          deep sea     
                          clean street       eat the meat
          例句:
                    A: Would you like coffee or tea?
                    B: Tea, please.
                    A: OK. I have tea, too.
          /?/- /i/
          例詞:
                   pin         ship         hill         chicks
          短語:
                      a big ship            fifty pictures
                      Miss Smith      interesting films
          例句:
                     A: Is Lily in?
                     B: Lily is ill in bed.
                     C: Oh, I’m sorry.
          /e/-/ε/
          例詞:
                       pen       head       leg       well
          短語:
                        ten pence           very well
              expensive cigarettes      went to America
          例句:
              A: How did you spend your holiday?
              B: I went to Beijing.
              A: Was it expensive?
              B: Yes ,very.
          /æ/
          例詞:
               apple     lantern     hand     parachute
          短語:
                       black cat         mad man
                 traveling bag         matter-of –fact
          例句:
                  A: Ann is traveling to Japan.
                  B: How happy she is !
                  A: She is very happy.
          Vowels(元音)    -pure vowels(單元音)
          /?:/- /?:/
          例詞:
                     girl      bird      work       turn
          短語:
                       early bird         superb work
                 thirsty person         perfect search
          例句:
             A: He always arrives work early.
             B: But he wasn’t early this morning.
             A: You weren’t early either.
          /?/
          例詞:
              teacher   picture   breakfast   welcome
          短語:
                 a glass of water     a quarter to seven
            brothers and sisters    a book about China
          例句:
                A: look at the clock!
                B: what’s the time?
                A: it’s a quarter to seven
          /?/
          例詞:
                    cup      run       jump       flood
          短語:
                       hurry up!         trust us!
                rubbish dump         mustn’t worry
          例句:
                   A: It’s sunny today.
                   B: Yes, isn’t it.
                   A: My uncle will go to London next
                        Monday.
                   B: How lucky he is!
          /u:/
          例詞:
                     zoo     who     food      blue
          短語:
                a tooth for a tooth     Sue and Lucy
                        fruit juice     two shoes
          例句:
              A: Look at my new shoes?
              B: Oh, they are beautiful.
              A: Your boots are beautiful, too.
          /?/-/v/
          例詞:
                   foot     wood     book     push
          短語:
                       good cook        good book
               couldn’t look    pudding without sugar
          例句:
                A: Where did you put the book?
                B: Which book?
                A: The book you bought yesterday.
          /?:/
          例詞:
                   fork     ball     morning     airport
          短語:
                       four balls        score board
                morning glory       sports reporter
          例句:
             A: I see two children on the blackboard.
             B: He is short.
             A: She is shorter.
          /?/- /?/
          例詞:
                 cock     shop     job     hospital
          短語:
                       hot coffee         long job
                      on the box         drop the pot
          例句:
                A: I have a bad cough.
                B: You must see a doctor.
                A: Yes, I must go to the hospital.
          /ɑ:/
          例詞:
                     car     garden     star     guitar
          短語:
                            fast car        half mast
               heart transplant        stars and bars
          例句:
                A: You look very smart today.
                B: Thank you.
                C: What a marvelous dancer you are.
                     Let me take a photograph of you.
          /e?/-/ei/
          例詞:
                    face      rain      cake      wait
          短語:
                     eight cakes     waste paper
               railway station     wait for the mail
          例句:
          A: It’s my birthday today.
          B: Happy birthday
          A: Thank you. Come to my birthday party.
               And don’t be late.
          /a?/-/ai/
          例詞:
                   sky       kite       write       bicycle
          短語:
                          white lie      high tide
                       eye for eye     silent night
          例句:
          A: It’s a fine day today. The sun is shining
               brightly.
          B: Yes, I feel hot. I like an ice-cream now.
          A: Yes, I do, too.
          /??/-/?i/
          例詞:
                    boy      boil      noise      coin
          短語:
                       a spoilt boy      a noisy toy
             an annoying voice     Joyce's boyfriend
          例句:
            A: Look at my toy gun.
            B: Oh, what a good toy!
            A: Shall we join our friends in the garden?
            B: Yes, let’s go.
          /??/-/?v/
          例詞:
             coast  throw  boat  toe
          短語:
              Joe’s coat      go to the window
           load and unload  throw a snowball
          例句:
                 A: Look! He has a boat.
                 B: Is he going to row?
                 A: I think so.
          /a?/-/av/
          例詞:
                 cow    house    mouth      trousers
          短語:
                      shout out        brown mouse
                   down town        round lounge
          例句:
              A: Is she milking the cow?
              B: Yes, she is.
              A: Is the cow in he house?
              B: No. She is on the dairy farm.
          /??/-/i?/
          例詞:
                       ear     queer      zero     beard
          短語:
                the atmosphere here     queer skier
          weary mountaineer    experienced engineer
          例句:
              A: Let’s have some beer here.
              B: What a good idea!
              A: What shall we do after having beer?
              B: We shall go to the theatre.
          /e?/-/ε?/
          例詞:
               hair     bare     pear     chair
          短語:
          millionaire’s heir     mayor’s parents
          square chairs     careful librarian
          例句:
          A: Where is my pen?
          B: It’s over there on the chair.
          A: Thank you. It’s really there.
          /??/-/v?/
          例詞:
                    tour     poor    jury     gourd
          短語:
                 poor tourists       tour from China
                  furious jury       European gourd
          例句:
          A: I received a letter from my uncle. He’s
               sick with influenza.
          B: I’m sorry. Is he still in Europe.
          A: Yes. He’s still working in London.
          B: He must speak fluent English.
          輔音
                               發音位置相同
          清輔音:        發音時聲帶不震動
          濁輔音 :       發音時聲帶震動
          清輔音 /p/   /t/   /k/   /f/   /θ/
          濁輔音/b/  /d/   /g/   /v/   /ð/
          清輔音 /s/ / ∫ /  /t∫/   /ts/  /tr/
          濁輔音/z/ / 3 / /d 3/ /dz/ /dr/
          /p/
          例詞:
                      pig      pot      pond      plan
          短語:
                        pick up         a pepper pot
            a piece of pork         a pen and a pencil
          例句:
             A: Do you collect stamps?
             B: Yes, I do.
             A: Will you show me your stamp album?
             B: Yes, they are upstairs. Let me go and
                  fetch them.
          /b/
          例詞:
                     bus    bed     bench     brush
          短語:
                              Big Ben    a big bottle
               beautiful blouses    blue butterflies
          例句:
                A: Is this your handbag?
                B: No, it isn’t my handbag is not brown.
                A: What color is you handbag?
                B: It’s black.
          /t/
          例詞:
                      tie     taxi     tap     telephone
          短語:
                      tit for tat        tip of the tongue
                       flat foot        tale-teller
          例句:
          A: I’m hungry. I want something to eat.
          B: What about some steak? Let’s go to the
               restaurant!
          A: Yes, let’s go.
          /d/
          例詞:
                    door     doctor     head     wind
          短語:
                      darling daughter         dark red
              played cards        listened to the radio
          例句:
          A: What did you do last night?
          B: I studied last night.
          A: Did you study all night?
          B: No, I didn’t. I listened to the radio for
               some time.
          /k/
          例詞:
                      car      duck     clock      park
          短語:
            the back of the car        ask question
                  a quarter to six        cool as cucumber
          例句:
          A: I like chocolate cakes.
          B: You do? Do you often have chocolate cakes?
          A: Yes, I do.
          B: If you want to keep fit, don’t eat too many
               chocolate cakes.
          /g/
          例詞:
                       bag     dog     goat     grape
          短語:
                  good girl         go to the grocer’s
                  as good as gold         get angry
          例句:
          A: Can you play the guitar?
          B: Yes, I played my guitar in the garden and
               song again and again with my friends last
               night.
          A: You must have had a good time last night.
          /f/
          例詞:
                      laugh     fat     fish     family
          短語:
                     fresh fruit          fast food
                       soft sofa          feel fine
          例句:
            A: Look at Freda! She is fashionable.
            B: Her hat is funny.
            A: Look at her fur coat. It’s fabulous.
          /v/
          例詞:
               vet     village     volcano     television
          短語:
                      lovely view      village vet
              leaving arriving      leaves of the vine
          例句:
               A: Who’s driving the van?
               B: I think victor is.
               A: Who is victor?
               B: He is my new neighbor, he has lived
                    here for only a few months.
          /θ/
          例詞:
                   tooth    month    thin    thirsty
          短語:
              three thousand      Martha's birthday
               healthy author     thirty mathematicians
          例句:
           A: My father is a mathematician.
           B: No wonder you are good at mathematics.
           A: To tell you the truth, my father never
                 teaches me math.
          /ð/
          例詞:
                father     breathe     that      feather
          短語:
                smooth leather      get together
            better than others      another brother
          例句:
            A: Lily is taller than Mary.
            B: But Mary is slimmer than Lily.
            A: Look at them. They’re doing physical
                 exercise together.
          /s/
          例詞:
                    sun     small      horse     bicycle
          短語:
               sleep soundly     expensive cigarettes
                  some books     sit in the sun
          例句:
             A: These are cups.
             B: Those are saucers.
             A: They’re nice cups and saucers.
          /z/
          例詞:zebra  【'zebr?]
                    zoo     prize     bees     nose
          短語:
                jazz music      close the windows
                these days       zero animal
          例句:
             A: Let’s go to the zoo.
             B: Good. I like looking at the zebras.
             C: I like the monkeys there. Let’s go.
          /?/
          例詞:delicious  [di'li??s 】
           fish, sugar, shoe, shop, sure,show,Asia
          短語:
             fashion shops    friendship association
              British shoes    washing machine
          例句:
              A: This shop sells washing-machines.
              B: Do they sell air-conditioners, too.
              A: Sure.
          /?/
          例詞:television ['teli,vi??n]
            garage  treasure  pleasure   measure  
          短語:
           an unusual  collision      measure a garage
                   a great decision      my pleasure
          例句:
           A: Lily likes clothes for casual wear.
           B: Clothes for casual wear are comfortable,
           A: I like to wear them in my leisure time.
          讀單詞
          massage  [m??sɑ?]
          usually   [?ju??u?li]
          vision    [?v???n]
          illusion [??lu??n]
          /?/
          例詞:picture  [?p?kt??r]    kitchen [?k?t?(?)n]
           cheek, chicken,nature,church, catch,watch
          短語:
                  Chinese chess      which butcher
                 chicken and chips      change much
          例句:
            A: Where are the two children?
            B: They’re having lunch.
            A: Here are some cherries for them.
            B: Thank you very much.
          /?/
          例詞:giraffe [d???ræf]
                    jeep    jug    orange    bridge
          短語:
             a large jeep       injured passengers
             adjust the engine      orange juice
          例句:
             A: I have an orange.
             B: Oh, your orange is large. Look! I’ve
                  got a large sandwich.
             A: Yes, it is a very large one.
          /ts/
          students   coats   cats   boats
          名詞復數的讀音規則
                                                                                                                                 
          名詞復數讀音練習
          friend      friends       濁輔音后讀作/z/    
          cat          cats            清輔音后讀作/s/
          sport       sports         清輔音后讀作/s/
          fox           foxes          以s.x.ch.sh結尾讀作/iz/
          flash        flashes       以s.x.ch.sh結尾讀作/iz/
          candy      candies      以輔音+y結尾-ies讀作/iz/
          photo       photos       元音后讀作/z/
          knife        knives        濁輔音后讀作/z/
          輔音
          清輔音                                  /h/
          濁輔音/m//n//η//l//r//w//j/
                 └      鼻音       ┘               └ 半元音┘
          /h/
           例詞:hat  [hæt]
              hand,handbag,hair,whole  
           短語:
                heart and hand       high heels
                   head-to-head       happy honeymoon
           例句:
            A: There was a car accident here last Sunday.
            B: Oh, it’s horrible!
            A: Were you here when the accident happened?
            B: No, I only heard about it.
          讀單詞
          helmet  ['helmit]
          who  [hu:]
          hunter   [?h?nt?]
          behind  [b??h??nd]
          house  [ha?s]
          /r/
          例詞:rabbit [?ræb?t]
            run,river,parrot,strawberry,write   
          短語:
               American waitress      a married secretary
                grown up children      French restaurant
          例句:
             A: Rose works as a secretary at the railway
                  station.
             B: She does? She is a very pretty girl.
             A: Yes, very.
          讀單詞
          ride   [raid]
          red   [red]
          rat    [ræt]
          run   [r?n]
          /m/
          例詞:milk [milk]
          meet,summer,swimmer,comb,climb,autumn
          短語:
               man-made       make a mistake
               come tomorrow      middle name
          例句:
          A: Mum has come back home.
          B: Marvelous.
          A: Mom says we’ll go and see a movie tonight.
          B: Yes, we certainly will.
          讀單詞
          murmur ['m?:m?]
          scream   [skri:m]
          ice cream [ais  kri:m]
          /n/
          例詞:neck [nek]  
          number,funny,dinner,knife,knee,know
          短語:
              neat brandy    a negative answer
             telephone number    harden the neck
          例詞:
          A: What a nice postcard of the Grand Canyon!
          B: They are wonderful.
          A: Who sent it to you?
          B: A friend of mine.
          never  ['nev?]
          new  [nju:]
          neighbour  ['neib?]
          /?/
          例詞:drink [dri?k]
          monkey,pink,bank,king,song,       thing,spring
          短語:
               ring-ding   rising diphthong
          strong string   playing ping-pang
          例句:
          A: Do you like drinking tea?
          B: Yes, I do.
          A: We are advised to drink more tea than coffee.
          B: Tea is good for health.
          讀單詞
          bring  [bri?]
          spring  [spri?]
          charming  ['t?a:mi?]
          thank [θæ?k]
          thing [θi?]
          /l/
          例詞:lock  [l?k]
          black,lion,lamb,sleep,lawyer,bell,ballon
          短語 early for lunch     leg of lamb
           a glass of lemonade    yellow jelly
          例句:
             A: Mum, is lunch ready? I’m hungry.
             B: OK, lunch is ready.
             A: What’s for lunch, Mum?
             B: We’ll have lamb and potato salad.
          讀單詞
          sale  [seil]
          balloon  [b?'lu:n]
          lady   [?le?di]
          love   [l?v]
          /j/
          例詞:year 【ji?]
           yellow, yesterday,yard,young,yoghurt,yell      yolk   
          短語:
                 yolk yellow     new year’s day
             new York university     a tough onion
          例句:
          A: My brother was a music student.
          B: What does he do now?
          A: He is now in Europe working as a
               business man.
          讀單詞
          YO-YO ['j?u j?u]
          Yolk [j?uk]
          lawyer 【‘l?:j?】
          /w/
          例詞:wash  [w??]
          week,water, swim,worker,wheel,wheat,white    
          短語:
                    weight watcher     weave a web
                    weeping willow     wet wind
          例句:
             A: Don’t look out of the window.
             B: Oh, I’m sorry, I’m thinking of my dog.
                  Today is a wet day.
             A: Do you think your dog will be lost in the
                  woods on a wet day?
          讀單詞
          sweat [swet]
          win    [win]
          window  [?w?nd??]
          Holly Joe

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          幼兒園英語音標教學PPT課件

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          • 上傳:yangaimiao
          • 時間:05-04
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